EUROPEAN PROJECT OF AMPHIBIAN AND AQUATIC REPTILES' HABITAT RECOVERING IN BAIX TER WETLANDS

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THE BAIX TER

The Baix Ter plain is situated in the NE of Catalonia just at the centre of the Costa Brava, in the Baix Empordà region. It extends between the massifs of Begur and Montgrí and it is divided in half by the river Ter, which crosses the plain on its way to the Mediterranen Sea.  


Torroella de Montgrí-l’Estartit (65.61 km2) and Pals (25 km2) take up most of the plain and have the highest population density of the area (160,8 and 94,38 inahb/km2 respectively).

Of the 91km2 that they occupy, 40 belong to the protected areas of the Illes Medes, the Montgrí and the Lower Ter wetlands. These areas are under the protection of the Government of Catalonia (Pla d' Espais d'Interès Natural de Catalunya) and some of them are part of the Natura 2000 network.

Both towns have a millennial history that has left everlasting impressions in their shaping. While Torroella de Montgrí maintains in a good state of upkeep its walls, dating from the XI-XII centuries, and its medieval town centre, Pals is one of the most important and best kept gothic fortified enclosures of the region.
Moreover, both are formed by different town centres, built over different periods and therefore have a different morphology.

Specifically, Torroella de Montgrí displays 1) the town of Torroella de Montgrí with two districts of different origin (the higher-medieval nucleus and the more modern pedestrian precincts), 2) l’Estartit, on the coast, 3) Sobrestany, 4) Bolleria and 5) housing estates located on the coast and on the slopes of the Roca Maura mountain.

Panoramic view of Torroella de Montgrí
As far as Pals is concerned, we can distinguish 3 parts: 1) the town of Pals (consisting of two districts: the Pedró (old town) and Samària), 2) Masos de Pals, a district formed originally by dispersed manor houses, and 3) Platja de Pals, a housing estate that extends throughout the beach of Pals.
L’Estartit (Torroella) and Platja de Pals (Pals) stand out as seaside towns, more modern than the rest, and touristy resorts.


Panoramic view of Pals

   
Cliffs
The plain

The landscapes that meet in the Lower Ter plain are very diverse and of an incredible beauty. We can find a fertile plain crossed by the Ter, combined with mountains like the impressive massif of the Montgrí that flows into the sea shaping the Montgrí coast, with high cliffs, and small coves and caves. Other sectors of the coast have extensive beaches with very fine sand. We can also find marshes, most of the protected, such as the Ter Vell or Basses d’en Coll.

Torre de les Hores (Pals' old town)
Aerial view of Estartit and Illes Medes

It’s this diversity and landscape richness, together with its location and the varied ludic, sporting, sight-seeing and cultural offers that the towns of Torroella de Montgrí-l’Estartit and Pals present that make the Lower Ter plain an important touristic destination.
Beach of Pals
Aquatic environment of the Illes Medes

For more information about both towns:
www.torroella.org
www.pals.es